The species is considered virtually extinct in the wild with numbers estimated between 50 and 4,000 in Thailand due to habitat destruction and hunting for skins. 0000102678 00000 n Bountiful Fisheries . Learn More. A carnivorous creature that feeds on fish, amphibians, reptiles and mammals, this crocodile lives in and around the Mekong River in small numbers. Fish Net Mekong River Stock Photos and Images (554) Page 1 of 6. This is perhaps the most interesting and most threatened species in the Mekong River. Freshwater fishing resort Chiang mai Thailand stocked with huge variety of exotic fish species both local to Thailand and Asia including carp, catfish and others imported from South America. Free PDF. The Mekong River is one of the great rivers of the world and has a fish fauna of exceptional diversity surpassed only by the Amazon and possibly the Congo (Zaïre), both of which have much larger watersheds. 35 Table 12 The GPS positioning f fish conservation zone in the Mekong River of those 4 target villages. In this way, maps were created to show the numbers of potential trigger species per … Some 1 200 fish species are recorded from the Mekong and among them there are several that grow to a very large size. It is the world's twelfth longest river and the seventh longest in Asia. VietNamNet Bridge – There is no river in Vietnam which has as many giant fish like the Mekong River. The fish was once regarded as the king of fish species in the Mekong River is the giant barb or Siamese giant carp (Catlocarpio siamensis). 2012) and 850 freshwater species (Hortle 2009b). Birds in Tram Chim National Park in Dong Thap Province. We have recorded 890 freshwater fish species and expect 200 more from the extensive estuary in the Mekong delta. Browse reports and publications of Mekong fish research. 38 Table 13 Group discussion for recheck of all habitats investigation in 4 target villages. Threatened species in the Mekong River Ecoregion include mammals such as the iconic Irrawaddy dolphin and gigantic fish like Mekong giant catfish, giant carp, and giant freshwater stingray, all of which can exceed 200 kg in weight. 4.1.1. Net fishing at the Khone Phapheng Falls, Mekong River,, Champasak, Laos. A severe drought that has caused water levels in Southeast Asia’s Mekong River to drop to their lowest in more than 100 years could have devastating consequences for fish, as well as the tens of millions of people living and working along the river, experts warn. As a result, Dams will block migratory routes for fish and other aquatic organisms – both on the main stream of the river and its tributaries. The giant catfish of Mekong river is a critically endangered species and biggest freshwater fish in the world. The species is considered virtually extinct in the wild with numbers estimated between 50 and 4,000 in Thailand due to habitat destruction and hunting for skins. 0000010391 00000 n It acts as a tool for local fishermen to generate standardised fish catch records across the MRC Member Countries and contribute to nationally and regionally harmonised datasets. 0000001975 00000 n 0000011542 00000 n This paper. 6318). Well known white fish species are the river catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus and two giant fishes: the giant Mekong catfish, Pangasianodon gigas a Mekong endemic of truly gigantic proportions (individuals exceeding 300 kg have been caught) and the beautiful giant carp, Catlocarpio siamensis, which can exceed 100 kg. Learn More. or may contain errors (for example non-Mekong species), hardly surprising where there are many similar species of fishes that are difficult for non-specialists to … Many factors contribute to the unusual diversity of the Mekong including the range of climate zones, local habitat variation due to seasonal precipitation cycles that create a…, Seasonal hydrology shifts production sources supporting fishes in rivers of the Lower Mekong Basin, Flow alterations by dams shaped fish assemblage dynamics in the complex Mekong-3S river system, Biogeography and conservation in Southeast Asia: how 2.7 million years of repeated environmental fluctuations affect today’s patterns and the future of the remaining refugial-phase biodiversity, Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Indonesian freshwater fish Rasbora lateristriata species complex (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae), Changes in environmental salinity during the life of Pangasius krempfi in the Mekong Delta (Vietnam) estimated from otolith Sr:Ca ratios, Genetic variation, demographic history and phylogeography of tire track eel, Mastacembelus favus (Synbranchiformes: Mastacembelidae) in Southeast Asia, Body size–trophic position relationships among fishes of the lower Mekong basin, Evidence of indiscriminate fishing effects in one of the world’s largest inland fisheries, Revision of the Zipper Loaches, Acanthocobitis and Paracanthocobitis (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae), with Descriptions of Five New Species, A review of the ichthyofauna of Malaysian peat swamp forest, The Holocene history and development of the Tonle Sap, Cambodia, STRUCTURE OF FISH ASSEMBLAGES ALONG ENVIRONMENTAL GRADIENTS IN FLOODPLAIN LAKES OF THE ORINOCO RIVER, Late Holocene depositional environments and coastal evolution of the Mekong River Delta, Southern Vietnam, The center of the center of marine shore fish biodiversity: the Philippine Islands, Distributional Patterns of Malayan Freshwater Fish, Geographic Distribution of Primary Freshwater Fishes in Four Principal Areas of Southeast Asia, A 3.5 ka record of paleoenvironments and human occupation at Angkor Borei, Mekong Delta, southern Cambodia, Holocene delta evolution and sediment discharge of the Mekong River, southern Vietnam, Remote sensing oceanography of a harmful algal bloom off the coast of southeastern Vietnam, Composition and Provenance of Clay Minerals in the Northern Part of Lake Tonle Sap, Cambodia, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. The Mekong River is abundant in fish resources, and there are more than 1,300 kinds of fishes (among which 233 kinds have been verified by the fishery authorities), which are the important protein source for residents on both banks, accounting for about 50%~80% of food protein. 5 Aquaculture of Indigenous Mekong Fish Species Component, #186, Norodom Blvd., P.O. The Mekong River is one of the great rivers of the world and has a fish fauna of exceptional diversity surpassed only by the Amazon and possibly the Congo (Zaïre), both of which have much larger watersheds. Document Library. 1 Aquaculture of Indigenous Mekong Fish Species Component, MRC Fisheries Programme, P.O. 0000006993 00000 n 9 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 11 /H [ 1275 243 ] /L 154892 /E 147275 /N 2 /T 154595 >> endobj xref 9 42 0000000016 00000 n 0000001497 00000 n 0000011287 00000 n giant freshwater fish species can be found in the Mekong River which flows through Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. discovered in the Greater Mekong in 2012 and 2013. By John Valbo-Jorgensen The Mekong may boast more families of fish than any other river. But there's been a steep decline in fish stocks. 0000060449 00000 n A severe drought that has caused water levels in Southeast Asia’s Mekong River to drop to their lowest in more than 100 years could have devastating consequences for fish… The IUCN Red List for bony fishes, a database on extinct, threatened and vulnerable species, lists no marine species as extinct, in comparison with 96 freshwater species. Among the fish species in the Mekong River, the Mekong giant catfish (scientific name: Pangasianodon gigas) is the biggest. With 1,300 different species of fish, the Mekong is one of the five most biodiverse rivers in the world. We have recorded 890 freshwater fish species and expect 200 more from the extensive estuary in the Mekong delta. These migratory fish swim around Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand – most likely found in the Lower Mekong river basin. It added that 225 species are native to the rivers of Sekong, Sesan and Srepok, spanning northeast Cambodia, southern Laos and the central highlands of … The Greater Mekong region of Southeast Asia, through which the Mekong River flows, consists of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and Yunnan province Learn More. Document Library. 39 In the Mekong River, the species is known at least as far north as Louang Phrabang in northern Laos. This, in part, is brought about by Mekong Conservation Heroes. 0000007887 00000 n Scientists have only known this fish since 1930 when it was discovered at a fish market in Phnom Penh (Cambodia) and … We have recorded 890 freshwater fish species and expect 200 more from the extensive estuary in the Mekong delta. The number of species of wild birds, fish, and plants in the Cuu Long River (Mekong) Delta has fallen rapidly in recent years because of a decline in food resources and natural habitats. 1,200 different fish species in the mekong basin "The problem is that no matter how many species you find, you can always go out tomorrow and find others that you have not seen before," says Dr Rainboth, working for the MRC Secretariat on the production of a new guide to fish species in the Mekong River. The number of species of wild birds, fish, and plants in the Mekong Delta has fallen rapidly in recent years because of a decline in food resources and natural habitats. 0000009892 00000 n John Valbo-Jorgensen. Download Free PDF. The Mekong giant catfish once held the Guinness World Records ' position for the world's largest freshwater fish in 2005. 0000003172 00000 n PDF. Premium PDF Package. Download PDF. More giants inhabit this mighty river than any other on Earth. 0000082643 00000 n We identified 877 fish species in the MRB (not including estuary marine species). 0000001185 00000 n Location Information This is a Mekong endemic species (Rainboth 1996). Observations on the fish faunas of flooded forests are limited, but indications from Grand Lac of the Mekong (Bardach, 1959), the Zaire river (Matthes, 1964) and the Amazon (Roberts, 1973) attest to the variety of species in such fish communities. 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